Priced managed lanes continue to gain popularity in recent years as a way to address highway congestion in urban areas. One of the key challenges, however, remains enforcement. Significant time and funding has been invested in exploring innovative ways to monitor and enforce the use of managed lanes. In the past, transportation agencies have relied primarily on law enforcement officers. However, this method often puts the lives of officers at risk; it can be costly; and, identifying which vehicles are violators has been made more difficult due to the variety of exemptions a facility/operator may choose to extend to users.
Transportation agencies, private vendors, and manufacturers have recently collaborated to identify new technologies/strategies that can assist agencies in effectively enforcing managed lane policies. This webinar will feature some of the best practices based on lessons learned from some of the new enforcement technologies that are being tested and utilized.
The following speakers will present at this webinar:
Chris Sanders, Director of Tolling Operations, State Road & Tollway Authority | Georgia Regional Transportation Authority
Joe Averkamp, Senior Director; Technology, Policy and Strategy at Xerox
Javier Rodriguez, TSM&O Program Engineer, Florida Department of Transportation
Paul Steinberg, Chief Business Officer | Evangelist | Sales | Business Development | Policy | IoT | Connected Car, Carma
FHWA and the HOV / Managed Use Lanes Pooled Fund Study are investigating the Best Practices for Signing on a Multi-Segment Managed Lanes Network. This study examines how to better sign managed lanes when multiple segments intersect to form a regional network. Two phases of signing simulation are to be performed. This first phase involves an online survey that presents potential signs for Managed Networks and poses questions to respondents to determine the efficacy of the signs in conveying the intended messages. The research team is interested in determining sign effectiveness when drivers have plenty of time to digest the sign. In the second phase, the more effective versions will move into a driving simulator in selected locations in the US.
TRB committee members and friends are being asked to publicize the first phase survey to individuals and and organization involved in managed lanes implementation. You are encouraged to take the survey yourself and pass it on to others in your organization. This survey is open to all, and the more opportunities to receive critical review, the better the chance for effective signage guidance.
Here is the web address of the: http://www.expresslanessignagestudy.com/
Your help is greatly appreciated in making this survey and the follow-on driving simulation a success. If you have any questions, please contact Chris Swenson at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Responses are due by March 16. As noted in the solicitation, the CV Pilot Deployment Program seeks operational deployments of connected vehicle applications that synergistically capture & utilize new forms of connected vehicle & mobile device data to improve multimodal surface transportation system performance and enable enhanced performance-based systems management. Connected vehicle applications support improved decision-making by both system users (travelers) & system managers.
The intent is to deploy site-tailored collections of applications that address specific local needs while laying a foundation for additional local or regional deployment, and to provide transferable lessons learned for other prospective deployers across the nation.
All questions concerning this solicitation must be directed to Sarah Khan in the Office of Acquisition & Grants Management at email@example.com.
More general information about the Connected Vehicle Pilot Deployments program is available from the ITS Joint Program Office at www.its.dot.gov/pilots/.
If you are interested in learning more about the technologies that support today’s modern parking applications, the publishers of Parking Today recently unveiled a new online magazine entitled Parking Technology Today. The goal of the magazine is to serve as a guide to parking technology and to provide insight on parking software and hardware applications. The first issue features articles on mobile parking apps, on-street detection, license plate recognition technologies, and automated vehicle applications.
You can download a condensed version of the inaugural issue here.
You can access the full inaugural issue, or access old issues of Parking Today, here.
American motorists experience more hours of congested conditions every year, but planning models rely on relatively thin behavioral information to take congestion into account. Highway operations and road pricing strategies are being employed to address congestion, but the planning process is not well equipped to describe the effective capacity available when roads are congested or to describe the relief obtained by improvement strategies. Variable tolls are being considered to encourage motorists to shift travel time out of congested periods, to use less congested roads, or to change mode. Current travel models are not capable of simulating all of the factors needed to calculate the effect of tolls on congestion because they do not include disaggregated models of choice behavior for a range of users under various choice conditions. A disaggregate approach is required that deals directly with the decisions faced by individuals rather than large groups of people.
The objective of this project was to develop mathematical descriptions of the full range of highway user behavioral responses to congestion, travel time reliability, and pricing. This included formatting the mathematical descriptions of behavior so that they could be incorporated into various travel demand modeling systems in use or being developed. Another objective was to examine network assignment practices needed to support models that simulate behavioral responses to congestion, travel time reliability, and pricing.
Over the past 30 years, research has advanced the understanding and prediction of travelers’ behavior choices in response to changes in traffic congestion and changes in the price of travel. This project synthesized that research to select the important and well-founded behavioral hypotheses, and it tested those hypotheses statistically on the most suitable data sets available in the United States. The project identified the most important contextual influences on behavioral sensitivity to highway congestion and pricing, and it provided guidance on the relative magnitude of those influences. Travel demand modeling studies are typically limited in scope and time frame, and they are usually tied to a single survey data set. This project had the unique opportunity to carry out a comprehensive series of hypotheses tests on data sets that were available from multiple areas across the United States.
TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Synthesis 377: Compilation of Public Opinion Data on Tolls and Road Pricing explores how the public feels about tolls and road pricing, examines public opinion concerning charging for the use of roads, and highlights factors associated with the acceptance or rejection of road pricing.
Prepared by: ICF International and KT Analytics for NCHRP
This report describes road pricing concepts and discusses its potential effectiveness and applicability. It also provides guidelines for communicating strategies and engaging affected parties, and guidelines for project planning and integrating pricing into regional and state planning processes. The report is structured to aid both readers familiar and unfamiliar with road pricing, allowing both a brief overview of the concepts as well as in depth information on the latest applications, impacts, operations, costs, and policy and acceptability considerations.
The report is divided into two volumes. Volume 1 provides a review of the six concepts and planning pointers sufficient for planners and decision makers to evaluate the potential of the concepts and understand the best engagement and communication strategies. Volume 2 provides interview findings, literature reviews and references to resource materials on planning, engagement, and communications related to road pricing strategies.
Prepared by: ICF International and KT Analytics for NCHRP and AASHTO
Communicating with various affected parties and stakeholders in planning for road pricing (RP) is vital to acceptable, effective and lasting programs. Certainly, decision makers authorizing proposals need to understand the objectives, the efficacy of pricing, equity considerations, overall costs and benefits, operations, revenue distribution, and other particulars to effectively provide their support. Likewise, affected parties such as travelers, residents, businesses, and other stakeholders likely to influence decision makers also must understand pricing strategies and their expected impacts for acceptable projects to develop. This research documents best practices in communicating with the public on all aspects of road pricing. The report identifies messages and delivery methods that have worked and not worked, along with the characteristics of successful road pricing communication campaigns.
With continuing growth in travel demand, worsening congestion, and shortages of funding available for increasing highway capacity, state departments of transportation (DOTs), metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs), and other transportation agencies are considering pricing strategies such as user-based fees or tolling as options for generating transportation revenue and for managing transportation system performance. Although a number of DOTs have initiated projects that rely on pricing as an alternative to traditional funding sources, policy makers and planners need a framework for better decisions on pricing: When to price? What to price? How to price? They also need a framework for fully understanding the potential impacts of these major projects on the performance of the entire transportation system. While pricing strategies can provide new sources of revenue to fund expanded transportation capacity, they clearly will also have impacts on travel demand and congestion. As such, there are questions to be answered regarding who pays for such improvements, who will use these facilities, and how these facilities will be operated to improve the overall performance of the transportation system. Pricing decisions must be based on accurate, reliable, and credible forecasts of their impacts on travel behavior and the revenue to be generated from the tolled facilities. Additionally, of equal importance, planners and decision makers need a broad framework that can effectively inform their consideration of pricing options in terms of their policy implications, performance expectations, and financial impacts.
Decision makers in both the public and private sectors of the transportation industry need a better understanding of pricing. The public’s knowledge and awareness of pricing issues are limited, and this places a greater burden on policy makers and planners to provide reliable and credible information. Traditional methods and analytical tools for transportation decision making, such as risk analysis, benefit-cost and other economic analysis, financial analysis, market research, and travel-demand forecasting fall short in addressing the complexities associated with pricing decision making. In order for pricing proposals to be fully and accurately evaluated and planned, these methods and analytical tools need to be applied consistently within a rational decision-making framework. In addition, there is a need for improvements to existing methods and analytical tools to resolve issues such as public acceptance, unique private sector involvement, and economic and social issues while supporting current and future pricing decisions.
This research project developed a decision-making framework that includes descriptions and evaluation of methods and analytical tools for establishing pricing policies and practices and for predicting their impacts on travel behavior and congestion. Gaps are identified, and improved methods and analytical tools are developed to fill those gaps. Improvements for travel-demand forecasting methods employed to support pricing decisions for new capacity and congestion management are provided. The results are presented two volumes: the first containing the decision-making framework and the second focusing on improvements to travel-demand forecasting methods and analytical tools.
Highway traffic congestion is one of the biggest challenges facing transportation agencies today. Congestion will likely become even worse in the future as demand for highway facilities increases and capacity remains limited. Increasing peak times, loss of productivity during congested periods, and underutilization of existing capacity during off peak periods are some of the current system management challenges.
There is a growing national momentum within government transportation agencies to explore congestion pricing and evaluate its performance. A number of states are considering or implementing congestion pricing projects such as High Occupancy Toll (HOT) lanes.Congestion pricing options face considerable political and public pressures. Transportation organizations need assistance in developing and tracking measurements for assessing the benefits and impacts of congestion pricing strategies. Effective performance assessment of pricing projects is essential at the planning, development, deployment, operation, and evaluation stages.
The objective of this research was to create guidelines for evaluation and performance measurement of congestion pricing projects that are designed to optimize the use of available roadway capacity. The guidelines will help agencies select or develop appropriate performance measures, collect the necessary data, track performance, and communicate the results to decision-makers, users, and the general public. As well as the guidelines, the products include a web-only document which provides an overview of the purpose, scope, and methodology, and a complete compilation of the work products that were used to develop NCHRP Report 694.